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A Child Must Meet The Criteria For One Of 13 Specific Disabilities Categories:

FAPE

Free & Appropriate Public Education, which is a requirement of the IDEA.

IDEA

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This is the Federal law that requires public schools

to provide additional educational services to children who need them, at no cost to parents.

IEP- Individual Education Plan. Under the IDEA children are entitled to special-education services, including individual instruction by education specialists, and accommodations in the classroom. Parents, teachers, and other school staff work together to develop an Individualized Education Program (IEP). The IEP is to be reviewed at least annually.

SECTION 504 OF THE REHABILITATION ACT OFf 1973 - This is the Federal law that prevents discrimination of individuals with disabilities and guarantees certain rights for those with disabilities, including access toa FAPE, accommodations in the classroom, assistive technology, instructional aide, and therapy.

IEP VS 504 - While the procedures are different, the goal is the same: to ensure that students with disabilities have access to a free and appropriate public education that is comparable to the education available to their non-disabled peers.

IEE- Independent Educational Evaluation. You have the right to make a formal request to the school district for an independent educational evaluation (IEE) at public expense if you disagree with the district’s assessment.

ESSA – Every Student Succeeds Act, reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), also known as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001.

8. ORTHOPEDIC IMPAIRMENT

9. OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRED
(ADHD is covered in this category)

10. SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITY

11. SPEECH OR LANGUAGE IMPAIRMENT

12. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

13. VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

Learning & Attention Challenges

1. AUTISM

2. BLINDNESS


3. DEAFNESS

4. EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCE

5. HEARING IMPAIRMENT

6. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY


7. MULTIPLE DISABILITIES

DEFINITIONS PARENTS SHOULD KNOW